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1st Dham of Satyuga- Badrinath, Uttarakhand
Badrinath temple itself is known as Badrinath Dham. Badrinath Temple is one of the Chardham Temples in India as well as one of the sacred pilgrimage sites of Hindus. The Badrinath Temple is located in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district beside the Alaknanda River. The temple is located atop the Nilakantha mountain, which is between the Nara and Narayan mountain ranges, on the left side of the Alaknanda River. At roughly 3133 meters above sea level, this temple is located.
This temple is situated at a height of about 3133 meters above sea level. Badrinath Temple Dham is the eighth Vaikunth Dham in the world.
A beautiful description of Badrinath temple can be seen in Skanda Purana,
Bahuni Santi Tirthani Divya Bhoomi Rasatale | A pilgrimage like Badri, neither past nor future ||
This means, there are many pilgrimage sites on earth, heaven and hell but there is no other pilgrimage site like Badrinath and there will not be any in the future.
- It is said that the site of Badrinath Temple was originally the abode of Shiva Shankar and Goddess Parvati. Let’s find out how Lord Vishnu got back from Shankara through a trick.
- According to legend, Lord Vishnu was in search of a quiet place for his meditation and relaxation. While searching for a place, he came across the Neelkantha mountain near the Alaknanda River where Lord Shankar and Parvati lived. Vishnu knew that the place was the abode of Shankara and Parvati. So they devised a trick to get the place.
- Lord Vishnu incarnates as a child near the same Nilakantha mountain. One day when Shankar and Parvati came out of their abode to bathe, they saw a small child crying there. Goddess Parvati was very sick to see the little child crying. She immediately takes the child in her arms and takes her to her residence. Goddess Parvati feeds her milk to pacify him after which the child calms down and falls asleep.
- After that, Goddess Parvati goes to bathe the child by sleeping there. When Shankar and Parvati return to their abode after bathing, they find the door of their abode closed.
- Seeing the closed door, Parvati asks Shankar what should we do now? On this Shankar says to Parvati, You have accepted that little child so I will not use any of my power here. Lord Shankar and Parvati then leave that abode and go to Kedarnath. That little baby was none other than Lord Vishnu. Thus Lord Vishnu made Badrinath Dham his abode.
How did the name Badrinath come about?
One day Vishnu was sitting in his abode doing penance. Then it started snowing a lot. Around them were groves of badri (bor) trees. Lord Vishnu and his abode were encased in snow. Seeing that, Lakshmi Devi was upset. Then Goddess Lakshmi herself took the form of the Badri tree and protected Vishnu from the snowfall. For many years Vishnu was absorbed in his penance.
When their penance is completed, they see Goddess Lakshmi standing before them in the form of a Badri tree.
Badri trees were completely covered with snow. Seeing that, Vishnu said to Goddess Lakshmi, Devi, you have also done penance with me, then you will also be worshiped with me. You have protected me by taking the form of a Badri tree so from today I will be known as Badrinath.Thus Lord Vishnu got the name Badrinath. The place where Lord Vishnu used to perform penance is known as Tapta Kund. Hot water can still be found in this tapta kunda.
Importance of Badrinath temple
Have you heard the saying ‘Jo Jaye Badri, Woh Na Aye Odari’? The meaning of this saying is that a person who visits Badrinath temple once does not have to take rebirth again i.e. in the mother’s womb.
Devotees believe about the Badrinath temple that by visiting the temple, one gets rid of the sin of Brahmin and attains salvation. The sin of Brahmacharya is the greatest sin. There is a place called Kapal on a high rock in the temple premises, where the ancestors are believed to be liberated by performing Yajna Puja.
Aarti and Darshan time
Due to heavy snowfall, this temple is open for darshan only for six months and closed for six months. The temple is closed for six months from October to March. Then the temple is opened on the auspicious occasion of Akshaya Tritiya in the month of April.
In this, Lord Vishnu’s aarti is performed twice a day. Mahabhishek is performed at 4:30 am and Aarti is performed at 8:30 pm. Walnuts, almonds, sugar sweets, raw gram dal, and garlands of tulsi are offered to God as Prasad.
Festivals celebrated in temples
Mata Murti Utsav Mela and Badri Kedar Utsav are mainly two festivals celebrated in Badrinath temple with great enthusiasm. Mata Murti Mela This fair is celebrated to celebrate the arrival of the river Ganga on earth. This festival is celebrated for 8 days. A huge crowd of devotees can be seen here during both these festivals.
Places of interest near the temple
If you ever visit Badrinath, don’t forget to visit some of the attractions around there.
Nilakantha Mountain, Charanpaduka, Vasudhara Waterfall, Tapta Kund, Narada Kund, Bhima Bridge, Vyas Cave, Mata Murthy Temple, Saraswati River, Alka Puri, Pandukeshwar, Ganesha Cave, Satopanth Lake, Joshi Math, Panchsheela, Urvashi Temple, Leela Dhongi, Ghantakarna Temple, Alaknanda River
Approaches to the temple
1. Air way
This airport is about 317 km from Badrinath. From here you can easily reach Badrinath temple by bus or car.
2. A road
Road travel links the major cities of Uttarakhand with Badrinath. For Kashmiri Gate, Delhi, Haridwar, Rishikesh, and Dehradun, buses are accessible. By bus, car, or your own vehicle, you can travel comfortably and quickly to the temple from here.
3. Railroad tracks
Rishikesh, which is 300 kilometers away, is the closest rail station for travelers to Badrinath.
1. Badrinath is the name of which god?
Lord Vishnu is known as ‘Badrinath’.
2. What is special about Badrinath temple?
Badrinath Temple is one of the Chardham Temples in India as well as one of the sacred pilgrimage sites of Hindus.
3. Why is Badrinath closed for 6 months?
Badrinath temple is closed for 6 months due to bad weather for 6 months due to heavy snowfall.
4. Badrinath temple is opened in which month?
Badrinath temple is opened in the month of April. The temple is open to devotees for 6 months from April to October.