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These 4 Dhams are located in all four parts of the country, and each one has its own special feature
Importance Of 4 Dham: The 4 Dham Yatra is considered very important in Hinduism. Why are these Chardhams very important? What are the characteristics of Chardham Yatra?
4 Dhams are located in the four directions of India. The pilgrimage to these four dhams is considered very important in Hinduism. Why are these Chardhams very important? Today we are going to see what are the characteristics of Chardham Yatra.
The four cardinal directions of India are home to these revered Chardham temples. These 4 dhams are Badrinath in Uttarakhand, Dwarka in Gujarat, Jagannath Puri in Odisha, and Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.
Legend has it that 4 Dhams were founded at the following times:
Badrinath Dham in Satya Yuga,
Rameswaram Dham in Treta Yuga,
Dwarka Dham in Dwapara Yuga, and
Jagannath Puri Dham in Kali Yuga.
These Chardham temples have set hours for opening and closing their doors. So let’s learn more specifics about this 4 dham temple. We will start by looking at information on Badrinath Dham.
Make a trip to 4 dham
Badrinath Temple -1st Best Dham of Satyuga
Badrinath Dham is dedicated to Lord Vishnu situated on the banks of Alaknanda river in northern India. There is a religious belief that this dhama was established by Lord Rama of Maryada Purushottam. Nara Narayana is worshiped here. Badrinath Dham is open for worship for 6 months and the temple doors are opened in the last week of April or May every year. which remain open till the second week of November. After this, it is believed that Lord Vishnu rests here in sleep for 6 months. So the doors of this temple remain closed for 6 months
Badrinath Dham is the best Dham among these 4 Dhams. In the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, the Badrinath Temple is located on the Alaknanda River’s banks.
A Hindi proverb associated with Badrinath Dham, ‘Jo Jaye Badri, Woh Na Aye Odari’ means that a person who visits Badrinath even once in his life does not have to take another birth. His release from the cycle of birth and death is reflected in this. The second day following Diwali, or Diwali Padwa, in the month of November, sees the closure of the doors to the Badrinath Dham temple. After that, the temple is closed for six months. While closing the temple, a lamp is lit inside the temple which continues for six months.
Uttarakhand is a temple-rich region. Because of this, Uttarakhand is known as the “Land of Gods.” Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath are the four revered locations in Uttarakhand.
These four holy places are known as ‘Chota Chardham’.The first stop of this pilgrimage is Gangotri, where the river Ganga originates. Another place is Yamunotri, where the river Yamuna originates. Kedarnath is the farthest place in this short Chardham Yatra. Which is 3583 feet above sea level. Kedarnath is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas.
During this short Chardham Yatra, devotees first see Gangotri, Yamunotri. After taking the holy water from there, they offer it to the Shivlinga in Kedarnath and have a darshan of Shankara.After darshan of Kedarnath, devotees take the darshan of Lord Vishnu at Badrinath Dham temple. The gates of both Badrinath and Kedarnath temples are open for six months and closed for six months. The opening of the doors of these temples is instructed in Narendranagar every year on Vasant Panchami.
Dwarkadhish Temple 2rd best Dham of Dwaparayuga
Dwarka Dham is situated in western India. This Dham is dedicated to Lord Krishna. This pilgrimage is situated on the west coast of Gujarat. There is a religious belief that this Dham situated on the seashore was founded by Lord Krishna himself.
We all must have heard about Shri Krishna’s Dwarka Nagari. After the war of Mahabharata, it is said that due to the curse given by Gandhari to Shri Krishna, his city of Dwarka was also submerged in the sea after Shri Krishna. Then Vajranam, a descendant of Lord Krishna, built this temple.
Jagannath Temple – 3rd best dham of Kaliyuga
the lord Krishna has dedicated the Vaishnava temple is known as the seaside city in eastern Indian state of Odisha and is home to the Jagannath Temple. This temple is considered a temple of the Vaishnava sect. Lord Jagannath, his elder brother Balabhadra, and his sister Subhadra are worshiped here. A chariot procession is held here every year. Lakhs of devotees participate in this yatra.
Lord Shri Krishna’s wooden idols, his elder brother Balarama, and his younger sister Subhadra can be seen in this temple. Every year in the month of Ashadha, a large pilgrimage is made to Jagannath Dham. Hundreds of devotees participate in this pilgrimage every year. This yatra is taken from Jagannath temple to Gundicha Devi temple. The doors of the temple are closed fifteen days before this yatra.
Rameshwaram Temple- 4th best dham of tretayuga
In the Ramanathapuram district of the Tamil Nadu state in southern India, the Rameswaram tourist site is situated along the coast. The shrine is surrounded by vast seas like the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Rameswaram Dham is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This Dham is believed to have been established by Rama before his invasion of Lanka. Shiva is worshiped here in the form of Linga.
The 4 th Dham is Rameswaram. Rameswaram Temple means Rameswaram Dham. This temple is located in Ramnathpur district of Tamil Nadu state. This temple itself is also known as Swaminath Temple. This temple is not only one of the Chardham temples but also one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shankar. Rameswaram temple is an island located in the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal.
It is said that this temple was established by Lord Sri Rama during his exile. Hence the name of this temple came as Rameswaram. Just as Kashi is important in North India, so is Rameswaram in South India. At this place, Sri Rama and Vanar Sena built a bridge to reach Lanka.
How is Chardham Yatra performed?
All these 4 dhams are visited in sequence. First of all, devotees take holy water from Gangotri in Badrinath and visit all the pilgrimage sites there. After that, darshan of Lord Krishna in Dwarka is taken. Later one takes darshan of Jagannath Puri Dhama and finally takes darshan of Rameswaram Dham . It is believed that incarnations of Lord Vishnu take a bath in Rameswaram, penance in Badrinath, take food in Jagannath Puri, and rest in Dwarka.
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