A cholesterol test checks for the amount of “low-density lipoprotein”, also known as “bad cholesterol” in the patient’s bloodstream. This test is often recommended by doctors for people having issues relating to organs like the heart, the liver, the pancreas, and so on.
Higher cholesterol levels have been a wide and contemporary medical issue among people of an older age group. To understand the issue of cholesterol better, the role of a cholesterol test, and why it is required, let us delve further. This article is everything about a cholesterol test.
Table of Contents
Everything you need to know before taking a cholesterol test
What causes high cholesterol, and is it harmful?
Cholesterol accumulates in the bloodstream due to several reasons, such as:
- High cholesterol levels are sometimes passed on to the next generations and may run in the family. It can be a perpetual cycle of unhealthy lifestyles that causes this abnormality.
- Pregnancy can also give rise to abnormally high cholesterol levels.
- An unhealthy lifestyle and unmonitored consumption of an unbalanced diet can also give rise to high cholesterol
It blocks the path of the blood flowing in arteries, therefore forming a clot that may later burst due to pressure and cause a heart attack or a stroke.
Cholesterol is truly an essential substance in our bloodstream. However, too much of it can put you at risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Can cholesterol be countered?
People with unhealthy lifestyles need to actively make sure they do something about their manner of conduct in their daily lives. The first step is to go ahead and take a cholesterol test which will reveal the risk you may be in (or not).
What are cholesterol blood tests?
A blood cholesterol test or called just the cholesterol test specifically identifies the amount of bad cholesterol in the blood of the patient taking the test. It can inform you of the risk you may be at in terms of accumulation of fat.
A cholesterol test examines the amount of four primary types of fats present in your body; Total cholesterol, Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides. The presence of these fats is measured in mg/dL.
Why are cholesterol tests required?
Those with a family history of cardiovascular and cholesterol-related issues must get checked the probability of their being affected by abnormal amounts of cholesterol through the cholesterol test.
They do not need it once, but several times over a few years to counter the issue. The cholesterol test helps you put a hold on the issue while it is in its initial stage; to uproot it altogether. This test, thus, is a crucial tool.
What may be the outcome of the test?
Before taking any test, it is important to already be aware of the possible outcomes to be mentally prepared for any complications. Here are some results that you can expect in the cholesterol test:
- Total Cholesterol less than 200
- Triglycerides less than 150
- Low-Density Cholesterol of less than 130
- High-Density Cholesterol of less than 50
Borderline risky results
- Total Cholesterol ranges between 200 and 240
- Triglycerides ranging between 150 and 500
- Low-Density Cholesterol ranges between 130 and 160
- High-Density Cholesterol ranges between 50 and 35
- Total Cholesterol of more than 240
- Triglycerides more than 500
- Low-Density Cholesterol of more than 160
- High-Density Cholesterol of less than 35
The aftermath of the test
It is important to work on a solution to the problem if the cholesterol blood test results have been found above the normal amount. Here are a few precautionary measures you must try-
- Add wholesome food like fruits, vegetables, and grains into your diet.
- Check the amount of fat you consume.
- Focus on losing extra weight.
- Give up smoking and alcohol.
- Make working out a part of the routine.
- Manage your stress.
All the above-mentioned precautions must also be followed by adequate and prescribed treatment. High cholesterol needs medical attention as soon as possible.
When to take a cholesterol test?
Ideally, it is recommended that the first cholesterol blood test shall be taken when an individual
is between the age of 9 to 11. A test shall be taken every five years after it as a precautionary and to check for progress.
People from older age groups such as men of 45 to 65 and women of 55 to 65 are much advised to take the cholesterol test every two years without fail. Specifically, people with a family history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, and of course high/bad cholesterol are more prone to having abnormal levels of cholesterol in their bodies themselves.
Moreover, those with unhealthy lifestyles and some diseases (relating to kidneys, PCOS, thyroid, and diabetes) also should take the test.
High cholesterol is a leading problem in a lot of middle-aged people and higher. There is sometimes not much emphasis on how important it is to check the accumulation of fats in our bloodstream.
A cholesterol blood test is essential to stunt the growth of a troublesome ailment that can prove hazardous if neglected for too long. Hence, it is important for several people to not just take the test but also look into the precautions to take care of their health.